Load Balanced Web Service

List of all available properties for a 'Load Balanced Web Service' manifest. To learn about Copilot services, see the Services concept page.

Sample manifest for a frontend service
# Your service name will be used in naming your resources like log groups, ECS services, etc.
name: frontend
type: Load Balanced Web Service

# Distribute traffic to your service.
http:
  path: '/'
  healthcheck:
    path: '/_healthcheck'
    success_codes: '200,301'
    healthy_threshold: 3
    unhealthy_threshold: 2
    interval: 15s
    timeout: 10s
  stickiness: false
  allowed_source_ips: ["10.24.34.0/23"]

# Configuration for your containers and service.
image:
  build:
    dockerfile: ./frontend/Dockerfile
    context: ./frontend
  port: 80

cpu: 256
memory: 512
count:
  range: 1-10
  cpu_percentage: 70
  memory_percentage: 80
  requests: 10000
  response_time: 2s
exec: true

variables:
  LOG_LEVEL: info
secrets:
  GITHUB_TOKEN: GITHUB_TOKEN

# You can override any of the values defined above by environment.
environments:
  test:
    count:
      range:
        min: 1
        max: 10
        spot_from: 2
  staging:
    count:
      spot: 2
  production:
    count: 2

name String
The name of your service.

type String
The architecture type for your service. A Load Balanced Web Service is an internet-facing service that's behind a load balancer, orchestrated by Amazon ECS on AWS Fargate.

http Map
The http section contains parameters related to integrating your service with an Application Load Balancer.

http.path String
Requests to this path will be forwarded to your service. Each Load Balanced Web Service should listen on a unique path.

http.healthcheck String or Map
If you specify a string, Copilot interprets it as the path exposed in your container to handle target group health check requests. The default is "/".

http:
  healthcheck: '/'
You can also specify healthcheck as a map:
http:
  healthcheck:
    path: '/'
    success_codes: '200'
    healthy_threshold: 3
    unhealthy_threshold: 2
    interval: 15s
    timeout: 10s

http.healthcheck.success_codes String
The HTTP status codes that healthy targets must use when responding to an HTTP health check. You can specify values between 200 and 499. You can specify multiple values (for example, "200,202") or a range of values (for example, "200-299"). The default is 200.

http.healthcheck.healthy_threshold Integer
The number of consecutive health check successes required before considering an unhealthy target healthy. The default is 5. Range: 2-10.

http.healthcheck.unhealthy_threshold Integer
The number of consecutive health check failures required before considering a target unhealthy. The default is 2. Range: 2-10.

http.healthcheck.interval Duration
The approximate amount of time, in seconds, between health checks of an individual target. The default is 30s. Range: 5s–300s.

http.healthcheck.timeout Duration
The amount of time, in seconds, during which no response from a target means a failed health check. The default is 5s. Range 5s-300s.

http.target_container String
A sidecar container that takes the place of a service container.

http.stickiness Boolean
Indicates whether sticky sessions are enabled.

http.allowed_source_ips Array of Strings
CIDR IP addresses permitted to access your service.

http:
  allowed_source_ips: ["192.0.2.0/24", "198.51.100.10/32"]

image Map
The image section contains parameters relating to the Docker build configuration and exposed port.

image.build String or Map
If you specify a string, Copilot interprets it as the path to your Dockerfile. It will assume that the dirname of the string you specify should be the build context. The manifest:

image:
  build: path/to/dockerfile
will result in the following call to docker build: $ docker build --file path/to/dockerfile path/to

You can also specify build as a map:

image:
  build:
    dockerfile: path/to/dockerfile
    context: context/dir
    target: build-stage
    cache_from:
      - image:tag
    args:
      key: value
In this case, Copilot will use the context directory you specified and convert the key-value pairs under args to --build-arg overrides. The equivalent docker build call will be: $ docker build --file path/to/dockerfile --target build-stage --cache-from image:tag --build-arg key=value context/dir.

You can omit fields and Copilot will do its best to understand what you mean. For example, if you specify context but not dockerfile, Copilot will run Docker in the context directory and assume that your Dockerfile is named "Dockerfile." If you specify dockerfile but no context, Copilot assumes you want to run Docker in the directory that contains dockerfile.

All paths are relative to your workspace root.

image.location String
Instead of building a container from a Dockerfile, you can specify an existing image name. Mutually exclusive with image.build. The location field follows the same definition as the image parameter in the Amazon ECS task definition.

image.port Integer
The port exposed in your Dockerfile. Copilot should parse this value for you from your EXPOSE instruction.

image.labelsMap
An optional key/value map of Docker labels to add to the container.

entrypoint String or Array of Strings
Override the default entrypoint in the image.

# String version.
entrypoint: "/bin/entrypoint --p1 --p2"
# Alteratively, as an array of strings.
entrypoint: ["/bin/entrypoint", "--p1", "--p2"]

command String or Array of Strings
Override the default command in the image.

# String version.
command: ps au
# Alteratively, as an array of strings.
command: ["ps", "au"]

cpu Integer
Number of CPU units for the task. See the Amazon ECS docs for valid CPU values.

memory Integer
Amount of memory in MiB used by the task. See the Amazon ECS docs for valid memory values.

count Integer or Map
If you specify a number:

count: 5
The service will set the desired count to 5 and maintain 5 tasks in your service.

count.spot Integer

If you want to use Fargate Spot capacity to run your services, you can specify a number under the spot subfield:

count:
  spot: 5

Alternatively, you can specify a map for setting up autoscaling:

count:
  range: 1-10
  cpu_percentage: 70
  memory_percentage: 80
  requests: 10000
  response_time: 2s

count.range String or Map
You can specify a minimum and maximum bound for the number of tasks your service should maintain.

count:
  range: n-m
This will set up an Application Autoscaling Target with the MinCapacity of n and MaxCapacity of m.

Alternatively, if you wish to scale your service onto Fargate Spot instances, specify min and max under range and then specify spot_from with the desired count you wish to start placing your services onto Spot capacity. For example:

count:
  range:
    min: 1
    max: 10
    spot_from: 3

This will set your range as 1-10 as above, but will place the first two copies of your service on dedicated Fargate capacity. If your service scales to 3 or higher, the third and any additional copies will be placed on Spot until the maximum is reached.

range.min Integer
The minimum desired count for your service using autoscaling.

range.max Integer
The maximum desired count for your service using autoscaling.

range.spot_from Integer
The desired count at which you wish to start placing your service using Fargate Spot capacity providers.

count.cpu_percentage Integer
Scale up or down based on the average CPU your service should maintain.

count.memory_percentage Integer
Scale up or down based on the average memory your service should maintain.

count.requests Integer
Scale up or down based on the request count handled per tasks.

count.response_time Duration
Scale up or down based on the service average response time.

exec Boolean
Enable running commands in your container. The default is false. Required for $ copilot svc exec.

network Map
The network section contains parameters for connecting to AWS resources in a VPC.

network.vpc Map
Subnets and security groups attached to your tasks.

network.vpc.placement String
Must be one of 'public' or 'private'. Defaults to launching your tasks in public subnets.

Info

If you launch tasks in 'private' subnets and use a Copilot-generated VPC, Copilot will add NAT Gateways to your environment. Alternatively, you can import a VPC with NAT Gateways when running copilot env init for internet connectivity.

network.vpc.security_groups Array of Strings
Additional security group IDs associated with your tasks. Copilot always includes a security group so containers within your environment can communicate with each other.

variables Map
Key-value pairs that represent environment variables that will be passed to your service. Copilot will include a number of environment variables by default for you.

secrets Map
Key-value pairs that represent secret values from AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store that will be securely passed to your service as environment variables.

storage Map
The Storage section lets you specify external EFS volumes for your containers and sidecars to mount. This allows you to access persistent storage across availability zones in a region for data processing or CMS workloads. For more detail, see the storage page. You can also specify extensible ephemeral storage at the task level.

storage.ephemeral Int Specify how much ephemeral task storage to provision in GiB. The default value and minimum is 20 GiB. The maximum size is 200 GiB. Sizes above 20 GiB incur additional charges.

To create a shared filesystem context between an essential container and a sidecar, you can use an empty volume:

storage:
  ephemeral: 100
  volumes:
    scratch:
      path: /var/data
      read_only: false

sidecars:
  mySidecar:
    image: public.ecr.aws/my-image:latest
    mount_points:
      - source_volume: scratch
        path: /var/data
        read_only: false
This example will provision 100 GiB of storage to be shared between the sidecar and the task container. This can be useful for large datasets, or for using a sidecar to transfer data from EFS into task storage for workloads with high disk I/O requirements.

storage.volumes Map
Specify the name and configuration of any EFS volumes you would like to attach. The volumes field is specified as a map of the form:

volumes:
  <volume name>:
    path: "/etc/mountpath"
    efs:
      ...

storage.volumes.volume Map
Specify the configuration of a volume.

volume.path String
Required. Specify the location in the container where you would like your volume to be mounted. Must be fewer than 242 characters and must consist only of the characters a-zA-Z0-9.-_/.

volume.read_only Boolean
Optional. Defaults to true. Defines whether the volume is read-only or not. If false, the container is granted elasticfilesystem:ClientWrite permissions to the filesystem and the volume is writable.

volume.efs Boolean or Map
Specify more detailed EFS configuration. If specified as a boolean, or using only the uid and gid subfields, creates a managed EFS filesystem and dedicated Access Point for this workload.

// Simple managed EFS
efs: true

// Managed EFS with custom POSIX info
efs:
  uid: 10000
  gid: 110000

volume.efs.id String
Required. The ID of the filesystem you would like to mount.

volume.efs.root_dir String Optional. Defaults to /. Specify the location in the EFS filesystem you would like to use as the root of your volume. Must be fewer than 255 characters and must consist only of the characters a-zA-Z0-9.-_/. If using an access point, root_dir must be either empty or / and auth.iam must be true.

volume.efs.uid Uint32 Optional. Must be specified with gid. Mutually exclusive with root_dir, auth, and id. The POSIX UID to use for the dedicated access point created for the managed EFS filesystem.

volume.efs.gid Uint32 Optional. Must be specified with uid. Mutually exclusive with root_dir, auth, and id. The POSIX GID to use for the dedicated access point created for the managed EFS filesystem.

volume.efs.auth Map
Specify advanced authorization configuration for EFS.

volume.efs.auth.iam Boolean
Optional. Defaults to true. Whether or not to use IAM authorization to determine whether the volume is allowed to connect to EFS.

volume.efs.auth.access_point_id String
Optional. Defaults to "". The ID of the EFS access point to connect to. If using an access point, root_dir must be either empty or / and auth.iam must be true.

environments Map
The environment section lets you override any value in your manifest based on the environment you're in. In the example manifest above, we're overriding the count parameter so that we can run 2 copies of our service in our prod environment.